Humane Treatment for Farm Animals
More than 100 million farm animals are raised each year in British Columbia and more than 650 million in Canada. The BC SPCA is working to improve the lives of these animals by advocating for higher standards in Canada's Codes of Practice for the Care and Handling of Farm Animals.
We are hard at work right now advocating for higher standards to improve the lives of animals through new Codes for chickens and turkeys raised for meat and for egg-laying hens.
Interested in sharing your view on whether the proposed standards are good enough for hens?
These are our priority opportunities for improvement:
- Recommended practices: Do you think any of the recommended practices throughout the draft code should be requirements?
- Housing system: Enriched cages are permitted in the draft code. Can enriched cages provide good enough welfare for hens? (section 2.3 and final comments)
- Space allowances: The space recommended per bird differs based on the housing system (birds in enriched cages get less space than birds in free-run and free-range circumstances) and the scientific report recommends more space than the draft code provides. Should the minimum space requirement be the same for all hens, regardless of housing system? (section 2.3.2)
- Dustbathing & foraging opportunities: Cage-free hens are permitted at least 15% of usable space for dust-bathing and foraging, while caged hens are only allowed 5%. Should the amount of space dedicated to dust-bathing be the same for all hens? (section 2.3.5)
- If you're interested in more areas for improvement, feel free to contact us.
Don't miss your chance to speak out for egg-laying hens and pullets in the Canadian Code Public Comment Period, live now until August 29th, 2016!
New Codes for the future
Canada’s Codes of Practice lay out national expectations for animal welfare as arrived at by consensus between the farmers, veterinarians, scientists, government agencies, SPCAs and humane societies who are members of the National Farm Animal Care Council (NFACC).
The Codes outline minimum requirements and recommended best practice and serve as reference documents for animal cruelty laws, setting out generally accepted practices of animal management. They also form the foundation of on-farm animal welfare assurance programs operated by some farming associations and are used widely as an educational tool.
Since 2009, the BC SPCA has successfully advocated for higher standards for animals through new Codes of Practice for:
- Dairy Cattle (including a prohibition on tail docking and a requirement for pain relief to be used when dehorning or castrating cattle.)
- Beef Cattle (including new pain relief requirements when dehorning or castrating older cattle)
- Pigs (including a phase-out of confining stalls for pregnant pigs and new requirements for pain relief during castration and tail docking)
- Horses and other Equines (including new requirements for exercise, pain control during castration and a prohibition on cosmetic tail mutilations)
- Sheep (incuding new requirements for pain relief during castration and tail docking)
This has been made possible by a new process for the development of Codes, which involves an independent and publicly available scientific review that informs each Code’s content, allowing for much stronger standards to be adopted than in the past. The National Farm Animal Care Council process has been funded by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s Agri-Flexibility program to address issues such as:
Housing systems and space provisions for animals
Painful practices like castration, dehorning and tail docking
Care and treatment for sick and injured animals
Use of electric prods and other handling methods
The BC SPCA is coordinating the participation of representatives from Canada’s SPCAs and humane societies on behalf of our national partner, the Canadian Federation of Humane Societies (CFHS). Our participation has been made possible by generous contributions from the Vancouver Foundation, Eaglecom Foundation, CFHS, Ontario SPCA, Newfoundland SPCA, Nova Scotia SPCA, Regina Humane Society and Saskatoon SPCA.
Revised Canadian Organic Standards
Similar to the Codes of Practice, the Canadian Organic Standards lay out national expectations for certified organic farmers in Canada, as arrived at by consensus between farmers, veterinarians, scientists, government agencies, and special interest groups like the BC SPCA.
The organic standards outline minimum animal welfare expectations for certified organic producers, occasionally citing the Codes of Practice where minimum requirements for farm animal care overlap. In November 2015, the most recently revised Canadian Organic Standards were published. This concluded a two-year revision process, with the next one scheduled to occur in five year's time.
Some of the most notable animal welfare improvements in the 2015 revised Standard include:
- A ban on the use of tie stalls for dairy cattle in newly built or renovated dairy cattle barns
- Requirement that poultry be fed at least once daily rather than every other day
- Requirement for annual water testing to ensure safe drinking water supplies for farm animals
- Updated requirements for range access for poultry to ensure birds are able to access the outdoors when desired (range access is mandatory for organic poultry)
- Provision of individual burrows or nests in which pregnant rabbits may give birth
- More thorough on-farm documentation of animal welfare issues with related corrective action plans should such issues arise
Click to view a list of documented animal welfare improvements contained within the revised Canadian Organic Standard
Help make a better life for farm animals
The public will have an opportunity to comment on every Code and Organic Standard before they are finalized. To ensure you do not miss out on your opportunity, sign up for our Anim@ls or FarmSense e-newsletters.
The BC SPCA Monty Fund for Community Education and Outreach provides support for prevention of cruelty to animals through education, awareness, and advocacy programs. Your gift can help can help improve the lives of millions of farm, wild and companion animals. Please donate today.