People food isn’t always good for your canine companion, no matter how much he might beg for it with liquid, heart-melting eyes. But it’s usually best to refrain from sharing your meals and beverages – and recreational habits – with your dog, especially when it comes to certain foods.
“It can seem harmless to share just a little of your meal or snack with your pet, but sometimes, even a little can be very harmful or even fatal for him,” says BC SPCA senior manager of animal health Dr. Emilia Gordon.
“If you do think your dog has ingested something he shouldn’t have, it’s best to contact your veterinarian immediately.”
Here’s what to avoid:
Alcohol – Alcohol can cause intoxication, lack of coordination, poor breathing, abnormal acidity and potentially even a coma or death.
Apple seeds – The casing of apple seeds are toxic to a dog because they contain a natural chemical (amygdlin) that releases cyanide when digested.
Avocado – Avocados contain persin, which can cause diarrhea, vomiting, and heart congestion.
Cooked bones – When it comes to bones, the danger is that cooked bones can easily splinter when chewed by your dog; the splinters can cause damage when chewed and/or swallowed.
Candy and chewing gum – Not only does candy contain sugar, but it often contains xylitol, which can lead to the over-release of insulin, kidney failure, and worse.
Chocolate – Chocolate usuaslly contains caffeine as well as theobromine and theophylline, which can be toxic and cause panting, vomiting and diarrhea, and/or damage your dog’s heart and nervous systems.
Citrus oil extracts – Can cause vomiting.
Coffee – Caffeine can cause death if enough is ingested by your pet.
Corn on the cob – The cob can get lodged in the small intestine, and if it’s not removed surgically, can prove fatal to your dog.
Fish – The primary fish that you need to be careful about are salmon and trout. Raw salmon can be fatal to dogs if the fish is infected with a certain parasite.
Garlic – Garlic is related to onions, which are toxic for dogs.
Grapes and raisins – Grapes contain a toxin that can cause severe liver damage and kidney failure.
Hops – This beer ingredient can be bad for your dog. The consumption of hops cause panting, an increased heart rate, fever, seizures, and even death.
Macadamia nuts – These contain a toxin that can inhibit locomotory activities, resulting in weakness, panting, swollen limbs, and tremors as well as possible damage to your canine’s digestive, nervous, and muscle systems.
Marijuana and edibles containing cannabis-infused butter or oil – Marijuana, if ingested, can adversely affect your dog’s nervous system and heart rate. Products made with concentrated THC (the psychoactive component in cannabis), such as cannabis butter, are often very attractive to dogs but are even more dangerous and can cause seizures, coma, and even death.
Mushrooms – The wrong mushroom can be fatal to humans as well as your pet.
Onions and chives – These contain disulfides and sulfoxides (thiosulphate), both of which can cause anemia and damage red blood cells.
Persimmons, peaches and plums – Peach pits can be a choking hazard, and seeds can be toxic.
Rhubarb and tomato leaves – These contain oxalates, which can adversely affect a canine’s digestive, nervous, and urinary systems.
Salt – just like humans, excessive salt is not good for your dog.
Tobacco – Nicotine can damage your pet’s digestive and nervous systems, increase their heart rate, make them pass out, and ultimately result in death.
Yeast (on its own or in dough) – Yeast rises, whether in your dog’s stomach or not. While a little can cause gas and discomfort, too much of it could rupture your dog’s stomach and intestines.
The British Columbia Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals is a not-for-profit organization reliant on public donations. Our mission is to protect and enhance the quality of life for domestic, farm and wild animals in B.C.